Saneamiento Para Familias Vulnerables De Estelí
The selection of the beneficiaries was carried out with the support of the INPRHU social promoter, consulting community leaders. INPRHU presented Habitat with a shortlist of potential participating families. Then Habitat and INPRHU carried out a socioeconomic evaluation of the family and a technical evaluation of the terrain conditions and the viability of the construction of the sanitary unit. Then an assembly was held with the selected people, where the scope of the project was reported and their willingness to give a monetary contribution, to support self-construction as unskilled labor and to participate in the educational processes, signing a letter of commitment. Those who accepted participated in the planning and organization of the construction process and educational actions. After this activity, 2 selected families resigned from the project before the start of the works and were replaced by another two that met all the criteria and were on the waiting list, since the demand is greater than the coverage achieved with this project.
The families had a period of three months to complete their contribution in cash, saving small installments according to their economic possibilities.
The construction permits per family and the exemption of their cost were processed before the municipal mayor’s office.
With the families, the works schedule was elaborated, the construction procedure was explained and they were organized into 4 groups of 10 families each for the execution of the works.
The construction of the sanitary units began on May 20 with the lines and leveling of the first 10 sites. The average number of days of construction per sanitary unit is 15. The sanitary units built have a closed area where the toilet and shower are and an open area where the laundry room is. The construction system is masonry reinforced with concrete blocks, metal roof structure and fiber cement cover, the floor is simple concrete with a sandblasted finish. 45 students from the National University of Engineering (UNI Norte) volunteered to build sanitary units to support families in unskilled labor activities.